Last modified August 3, 2007
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Also called Equidistant Conic or Conic, this projection can be based on one or two standard parallels. As the name implies, all circular parallels are an equal distance from each other, spaced evenly along the meridians. This is true whether one or two parallels are used.
Cone is tangential if only one standard parallel is specified and secant if two standard parallels are specified. Graticules are evenly spaced. The space between each meridian is equal, as is the space between each of the concentric arcs that describe the lines of latitude. The poles are represented as arcs rather than points.
If the pole is given as the single standard parallel, the cone becomes a plane and the resulting projection is the same as a polar Azimuthal Equidistant.
Learn more about the Azimuthal Equidistant projection
If two standard parallels are placed symmetrically north and south of the equator, the resulting projection is the same as Equirectangular, and the Equirectangular projection must be used. Use Equirectangular if the standard parallel is the equator.
Learn more about the Equirectangular projection
Lines of contact depend on the number of standard parallels.
Range in latitude should be limited to 30°.
Regional mapping of midlatitude areas that have a predominantly east–west extent.
Common for atlas maps of small countries.
Used by the former Soviet Union for mapping the entire country.