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Vertical Near-Side Perspective

Release 9.2
Last modified August 3, 2007
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Unlike the Orthographic projection, this perspective projection views the globe from a finite distance. This perspective gives the overall effect of the view from a satellite.
Learn about the Orthographic projection

Illustration of the Vertical Near-Side Perspective projection

Projection method

Planar perspective projection—viewed from a specified distance above the surface. All aspects are either circular or an area less than a full hemisphere.

Point of contact

A single point located anywhere on the globe.

Linear graticules



Minimal distortion near the center; maximal distortion near the edge.


Minimal distortion near the center; maximal distortion near the edge.


True direction from the central point.


The radial scale decreases with distance from the center.


Limited to a view less than 90° from the central point.

Uses and applications

Uses of this projection are aesthetic more than technical. The most commonly used aspect for this purpose is the oblique.




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