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Winkel II

Release 9.2
Last modified August 3, 2007
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A pseudo cylindrical projection that averages the coordinates from the Equirectangular and Mollweide projections. Developed by Oswald Winkel in 1918.
Learn about the Equirectangular projection
Learn about the Mollweide projection

Illustration of the Winkel II projection

Projection method

Pseudo cylindrical. Coordinates are the average of the Mollweide and Equirectangular projections. Meridians are equally spaced curves, curving toward the central meridian. The central meridian is a straight line. Parallels are equally spaced straight lines. The length of the poles and the central meridian depends on the standard parallels.

Linear graticules

The parallels and the central meridian.



Generally distorted.


Generally distorted.


Generally distorted.


Generally, scale is made true along the standard latitudes.


Neither conformal nor equal area. Useful only for world maps.

Uses and applications

Developed for use in general world maps.



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