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GIS Servers and services
Administering ArcGIS Server with ArcCatalog
You can think of ArcCatalog as a user interface to a GIS server. ArcCatalog lets you view and, if you're an administrator, manage the set of services running on the server. ArcCatalog provides two distinct views of your GIS server, one for administrators and one for those with consumer privileges.
When you make a user connection to a GIS server, ArcCatalog simply displays the list of services available to you. You can use these services—for example, display a map hosted on the server in ArcMap—but you can't manage them in any way—for example, delete them. When you connect to a GIS server as an administrator, you'll see some extra tools that allow you to manage the services as well.
ArcCatalog lets you administer the set of services running on your server and the set of machines that comprise the server. You can monitor how client applications consume individual services and whether there are enough resources to satisfy demand. At times, you may need to increase the amount of computer resources allocated to a particular service; other times you may need to add new computers to handle the load.
If you've just installed ArcGIS Server, there are a few things you need to do before you can start creating services and allowing client applications to access them. The steps below provide a summary of the things you need to think about and do to get started.
NOTE: The ArcGIS Desktop Help contains step-by-step instructions for any administrative task that you can perform in ArcCatalog. If you're looking for more detailed information about configuring, securing, monitoring, or developing with an ArcGIS Server system, you should consult the ArcGIS Server help, a separate help system installed with ArcGIS Server. You can view the ArcGIS Server help on-line at
Set up access to the GIS server
The ArcGIS Server security model uses the operating system's security model to determine who can connect to and administer the server. You will need to determine which users require administrative access to the server, and then use the operating system tools to add them to the ArcGIS Server Administrators group (agsadmin) on the server object manager (SOM) machine. At a minimum, you will need to add yourself to the agsadmin group
In the same way, you should identify which users will only need user-level access, and add them to the ArcGIS Server Users group (agsusers) on the SOM machine.
You do not need to add the SOM Account or the SOC Account to either of these groups.
Connect to your GIS server
To administer the server, you need to log in to Manager or create an administrative connection in ArcCatalog. You can then configure the server's properties, add additional machines, and add services.
Add SOC machines to host services
During installation, you should have installed software on one or more machines to function as server object container (SOC) machines. The SOC machines host the services and are the work centers of your GIS server. The first time you connect to your GIS server, you'll need to link these SOC machines to the SOM.
Organize your GIS data and set the appropriate directory permissions
The services you run on your GIS server are created from the same resources that you work with in ArcGIS Desktop. These are resources such as ArcMap map documents. To publish them on your server, you must make these resources and any data that they reference accessible to the SOC machines and the SOC Account that you created during the GIS Server Post Install.
Add services to your GIS server
In order to make your GIS resources available to others, you need to publish them as services. As part of this process, you'll specify which capabilities of the resource will be available to end users.
Create client applications or use ArcGIS Desktop to access your services
Once you add services to your GIS server, you can use them in Web or desktop applications. These can be Web mapping applications that you create with Manager, or they can be ArcGIS applications, such as Explorer, ArcMap, or ArcGlobe. Mobile devices can also make use of properly-configured services.
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