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List of supported map projections

Release 9.3
Last modified October 21, 2008
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Map projection Description
Aitoff This compromise projection was developed in 1889 and used for world maps.
Alaska Grid This projection was developed to provide a conformal map of Alaska with less scale distortion than other conformal projections.
Alaska Series E

This was developed in 1972 by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to publish a map of Alaska at 1:2,500,000 scale.
Albers Equal Area Conic This conic projection uses two standard parallels to reduce some of the distortion of a projection with one standard parallel. Shape and linear scale distortion are minimized between the standard parallels.
Azimuthal Equidistant

The most significant characteristic of this projection is that both distance and direction are accurate from the central point.
Behrmann Equal Area Cylindrical

This projection is an equal-area cylindrical projection suitable for world mapping.
Bipolar Oblique Conformal Conic

This projection was developed specifically for mapping North and South America and maintains conformality.
Bonne

This equal-area projection has true scale along the central meridian and all parallels.
Cassini-Soldner

This transverse cylindrical projection maintains scale along the central meridian and all lines parallel to it. This projection is neither equal area nor conformal.
Chamberlin Trimetric

This projection was developed and used by the National Geographic Society for continental mapping. The distance from three input points to any other point is approximately correct.
Craster Parabolic

This pseudo–cylindrical equal-area projection is primarily used for thematic maps of the world.
Cube This is a faceted projection that is used for ArcGlobe.
Cylindrical Equal Area

Lambert first described this equal-area projection in 1772. It is used infrequently.
Double Stereographic

This azimuthal projection is conformal.
Eckert I

This pseudo–cylindrical projection is used primarily as a novelty map.
Eckert II

This is a pseudo–cylindrical equal-area projection.
Eckert III

This pseudo–cylindrical projection is used primarily for world maps.
Eckert IV

This equal-area projection is used primarily for world maps.
Eckert V

This pseudo–cylindrical projection is used primarily for world maps.
Eckert VI

This equal-area projection is used primarily for world maps.
Equidistant Conic

This conic projection can be based on one or two standard parallels. As the name implies, all circular parallels are spaced evenly along the meridians.
Equidistant Cylindrical

This is one of the easiest projections to construct because it forms a grid of equal rectangles.
Equirectangular

This projection is very simple to construct because it forms a grid of equal rectangles.
Fuller The final version of this interrupted projection was described by Buckminster Fuller in 1954.
Gall's Stereographic

The Gall's Stereographic projection is a cylindrical projection designed around 1855 with two standard parallels at latitudes 45° N and 45° S.
Gauss-Krüger

This projection is similar to the Mercator except that the cylinder is tangent along a meridian instead of the equator. The result is a conformal projection that does not maintain true directions.
Geocentric Coordinate System

The geocentric coordinate system is not a map projection. The earth is modeled as a sphere or spheroid in a right-handed x,y,z system.
Geographic Coordinate System

The geographic coordinate system is not a map projection. The earth is modeled as a sphere or spheroid.
Gnomonic

This azimuthal projection uses the center of the earth as its perspective point.
Goodes Homolosine This interrupted equal area pseudo–cylindrical projection is used for world raster data.
Great Britain National Grid

This coordinate system uses a Transverse Mercator projected on the Airy spheroid. The central meridian is scaled to 0.9996. The origin is 49° N and 2° W.
Hammer-Aitoff

The Hammer–Aitoff projection is a modification of the Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area projection.
Hotine Oblique Mercator

This is an oblique rotation of the Mercator projection developed for conformal mapping of areas that do not follow a north–south or east–west orientation but are obliquely oriented.
Krovak

The Krovak projection is an oblique Lambert Conformal Conic projection designed for the former Czechoslovakia.
Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area

This projection preserves the area of individual polygons while simultaneously maintaining true directions from the center.
Lambert Conformal Conic

This projection is one of the best for middle latitudes. It is similar to the Albers Conic Equal Area projection except that the Lambert Conformal Conic projection portrays shape more accurately.
Local Cartesian Projection

This is a specialized map projection that does not take into account the curvature of the earth.
Loximuthal

This projection shows loxodromes, or rhumb lines, as straight lines with the correct azimuth and scale from the intersection of the central meridian and the central parallel.
McBryde-Thomas Flat-Polar Quartic

This equal-area projection is primarily used for world maps.
Mercator

Originally created to display accurate compass bearings for sea travel. An additional feature of this projection is that all local shapes are accurate and clearly defined.
Miller Cylindrical

This projection is similar to the Mercator projection except that the polar regions are not as areally distorted.
Mollweide

Carl B. Mollweide created this pseudo–cylindrical projection in 1805. It is an equal-area projection designed for small-scale maps.
New Zealand National Grid

This is the standard projection for large-scale maps of New Zealand.
Orthographic

This perspective projection views the globe from an infinite distance. This gives the illusion of a three-dimensional globe.
Perspective

This projection is similar to the Orthographic projection in that its perspective is from space. In this projection, the perspective point is not an infinite distance away; instead, you can specify the distance.
Plate Carrée

This projection is very simple to construct because it forms a grid of equal rectangles.
Polar Stereographic

The projection is equivalent to the polar aspect of the Stereographic projection on a spheroid. The central point is either the North Pole or the South Pole.
Polyconic

The name of this projection translates into "many cones" and refers to the projection methodology.
Quartic Authalic

This pseudo–cylindrical equal-area projection is primarily used for thematic maps of the world.
Rectified Skewed Orthomorphic

This oblique cylindrical projection is provided with two options for the national coordinate systems of Malaysia and Brunei.
Robinson

This is a compromise projection used for world maps.
Simple Conic

This conic projection can be based on one or two standard parallels.
Sinusoidal

As a world map, this projection maintains equal area despite conformal distortion.
Space Oblique Mercator

This projection is nearly conformal and has little scale distortion within the sensing range of an orbiting mapping satellite, such as Landsat.
State Plane Coordinate System (SPCS)

The State Plane Coordinate System is not a projection. It is a coordinate system that divides the 50 states of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands into more than 120 numbered sections, referred to as zones.
Stereographic

This azimuthal projection is conformal.
Times The Times projection was developed by Moir in 1965 for Bartholomew Ltd., a British mapmaking company. It is a modified Gall's Stereographic, but the Times has curved meridians.
Transverse Mercator

This is similar to the Mercator except that the cylinder is tangent along a meridian instead of the equator. The result is a conformal projection that does not maintain true directions.
Two-Point Equidistant

This modified planar projection shows the true distance from either of two chosen points to any other point on a map.
Universal Polar Stereographic

This form of the Polar Stereographic maps areas north of 84° N and south of 80° S that are not included in the UTM Coordinate System. The projection is equivalent to the polar aspect of the Stereographic projection of the spheroid with specific parameters.
Universal Transverse Mercator

The Universal Transverse Mercator coordinate system is a specialized application of the Transverse Mercator projection. The globe is divided into 60 zones, each spanning six degrees of longitude.
Van der Grinten I

This projection is similar to the Mercator projection except that it portrays the world as a circle with a curved graticule.
Vertical Near-Side Perspective

Unlike the Orthographic projection, this perspective projection views the globe from a finite distance. This perspective gives the overall effect of the view from a satellite.
Winkel I

This is a pseudo–cylindrical projection used for world maps that averages the coordinates from the Equirectangular (Equidistant Cylindrical) and Sinusoidal projections.
Winkel II

This is a pseudo–cylindrical projection that averages the coordinates from the Equirectangular and Mollweide projections.
Winkel Tripel

This is a compromise projection used for world maps that averages the coordinates from the Equirectangular (Equidistant Cylindrical) and Aitoff projections.

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